Document Detail


Polydimethylsiloxane as a Macromolecular Additive for Enhanced Performance of Molecular Bulk Heterojunction Organic Solar Cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21405105     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effect of the macromolecular additive, polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), on the performance of solution processed molecular bulk heterojunction solar cells is investigated, and the addition of PDMS is shown to improve device power conversion efficiency by ~70% and significantly reduce cell-to-cell variation, from a power conversion efficiency of 1.25 ± 0.37% with no PDMS to 2.16 ± 0.09% upon the addition of 0.1 mg/mL PDMS to the casting solution. The cells are based on a thiophene and isoindigo containing oligomer as the electron donor and [6,6]-phenyl-C61 butyric acid methyl ester (PC61BM) as the electron acceptor. PDMS is shown to have a strong influence on film morphology, with a significant decrease in film roughness and feature size observed. The morphology change leads to improved performance parameters, most notably an increase in the short circuit current density from 4.3 mA/cm2 to 6.8 mA/cm2 upon addition of 0.1 mg/mL PDMS. The use of PDMS is of particular interest, as this additive appears frequently as a lubricant in plastic syringes commonly used in device fabrication; therefore, PDMS may unintentionally be incorporated into device active layers.
Authors:
John R Reynolds; Kenneth Graham; Jianguo Mei; Romain Stalder; Jaewon Shim; Hyeunseok Cheun; Franky So; Fred Steffy; Bernard Kippelen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  ACS applied materials & interfaces     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1944-8244     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101504991     Medline TA:  ACS Appl Mater Interfaces     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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