Document Detail


Polychromatic percepts during hypergravity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11542991     Owner:  NASA     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Future helmet mounted systems and cockpit displays will rely on color graphics and information that high performance aircraft pilots will need to discern and understand. Color in displays may help reduce pilot workload. The effect of high G and reduced eye level blood pressure on field-of-view has been study extensively. The effect of high sustained acceleration on color vision, however, is unknown. Research on visual contrast sensitivity, night vision, and visual acuity under acceleration in a human centrifuge has demonstrated changes in vision. We began by having normal color vision subjects view a magnified color aerial map and describe what they saw as we slowly ramped up the G profile from baseline (1.4 G) at 0.1G/sec until they experienced almost complete blackout. At that point subjects began straining and the centrifuge was rapidly decelerated. Several subjects described the river fading away before much else happened. Then the yellow and green features of the terrain faded together. Reds and dark blues appeared to change to black but remained legible until the entire image also faded to black. Computer types call the color of a river on a map cyan. So a display was created that resembled a device know as a "light bar" that is routinely used in centrifuge research. It consisted of a 45 degree wide square projection of green dots in the periphery and a red dot in the center on a white background. Due to our new curiosity about cyan we added dots halfway between the green and red that were cyan. We then ran several people through the same slow onset ramp until near blackout. Several reported that the cyan disappeared completely, significantly before the green. Then the green disappeared, and finally the central red dot. For those who experience it, it is a very useful and repeatable early end point where vision is affected but still available. Next we borrowed a color wheel from the hypobaric chamber and taped it to the wall of the cab. Several subjects reported discomforting angular optical vection due to torsional nystagmus. Thus, a vertical bar arrangement of colors was selected that minimized disruption from involuntary eye movements.
Authors:
T Chelette; R Allnutt; L Tripp; R Esken; S Bolia; D Post
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of gravitational physiology : a journal of the International Society for Gravitational Physiology     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1077-9248     ISO Abbreviation:  J Gravit Physiol     Publication Date:  1999 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-06-05     Completed Date:  2000-06-05     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9437868     Medline TA:  J Gravit Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  P13-4     Citation Subset:  S    
Affiliation:
US Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aerospace Medicine
Aircraft
Centrifugation
Color Perception*
Color Perception Tests*
Computer Graphics*
Data Display
Human Engineering
Humans
Hypergravity*
Light

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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