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Polwarth and Texel ewe parturition duration and its association with lamb birth asphyxia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21531850     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The objective of the present study was to test the hypothesis that parturition duration is related to birth asphyxia in lambs and that asphyxia level affects newborn lamb viability and vigor. Two sire and dam genotypes (Texel: TX; Polwarth: PW) and their crosses were represented in the study. Eighty lambs (25 PW sire × PW dam, 13 TX × TX, 25 TX × PW, and 17 PW × TX) born to 69 grazing ewes were used. At birth, the log(10) length of the second stage of parturition, birth weight, placental weight, and several body measurements were recorded on all lambs, and jugular blood samples were analyzed with the i-Stat Portable Clinical Analyzer (Abbott, Uruguay S.A.). A modified Apgar viability score at birth and lamb behavior during their first hour of life were recorded. Brain weight, muscle:bone ratio, and bone density were recorded in 20 male lambs (5 from each breed group) that were euthanized and dissected 24 h after birth. Data were analyzed by linear regression, least squares analysis of variance, and ordinal and binary logistic regressions. Mean blood gas and acid-base parameters were 7.21 ± 0.09 for pH, 18.4 ± 9.8 mmHg for pO(2), 53 ± 12.5 mmHg for pCO(2),( )and -4 ± 5.1 mmol/L for extracellular fluid base excess. Parturition duration increased with birth weight (P < 0.001), and was shorter in TX ewes (P < 0.001), female lambs (P < 0.05), twins (P < 0.09), and twin females (sex and litter size interaction, P < 0.02). Twenty-six (32.9%) lambs were born asphyxiated (pO(2) < 10 mmHg or pH < 7.1). Parturition duration increased the risk of asphyxia (P < 0.001), decreased the viability score (P < 0.001), and increased the latency to suckle the udder (P < 0.05). Twin-born lambs presented at birth a 16-fold greater risk of asphyxia (P < 0.01) and reduced placental efficiency (P < 0.05). Texel-sired lambs appeared immature at birth, with lower bone density (P < 0.05), smaller brain (P < 0.05), shorter forelimbs (P < 0.05), greater anterior (P < 0.001) and posterior neck circumference (P < 0.05), and greater muscle:bone ratio (P < 0.05). Immaturity may explain greater TX biotype survival. Together these results demonstrate that a relationship exists between parturition duration, neonatal viability and behavior, and acid-base balance values in single- and twin-born lambs, suggesting that birth asphyxia is an important risk factor in perinatal lamb mortality.
F Dutra; G Banchero
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal science     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1525-3163     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003002     Medline TA:  J Anim Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
DILAVE "Miguel C Rubino", Laboratorio Regional Este, Avelino Miranda 2045, CP 33000, Treinta y Tres, Uruguay.
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