Document Detail


The Politics of Gaydar: Ideological Differences in the Use of Gendered Cues in Categorizing Sexual Orientation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23276275     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In the present research, we investigated whether, because of differences in cognitive style, liberals and conservatives would differ in the process of categorizing individuals into a perceptually ambiguous group. In 3 studies, we examined whether conservatives were more likely than liberals to rely on gender inversion cues (e.g., feminine = gay) when categorizing male faces as gay vs. straight, and the accuracy implications of differential cue usage. In Study 1, perceivers made dichotomous sexual orientation judgments (gay-straight). We found that perceivers who reported being more liberal were less likely than perceivers who reported being more conservative to use gender inversion cues in their deliberative judgments. In addition, liberals took longer to categorize targets, suggesting that they may have been thinking more about their judgments. Consistent with a stereotype correction model of social categorization, in Study 2 we demonstrated that differences between liberals and conservatives were eliminated by a cognitive load manipulation that disrupted perceivers' abilities to engage in effortful processing. Under cognitive load, liberals failed to adjust their initial judgments and, like conservatives, consistently relied on gender inversion cues to make judgments. In Study 3, we provided more direct evidence that differences in cognitive style underlie ideological differences in judgments of sexual orientation. Specifically, liberals were less likely than conservatives to endorse stereotypes about gender inversion and sexual orientation, and this difference in stereotype endorsement was partially explained by liberals' greater need for cognition. Implications for the accuracy of ambiguous category judgments made with the use of stereotypical cues in naturalistic settings are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved).
Authors:
Chadly Stern; Tessa V West; John T Jost; Nicholas O Rule
Related Documents :
24897635 - Delayed matching in pigeons: can apparent memory loss be attributed to the delay of rei...
24666825 - Homing trajectories and initial orientation in a neotropical territorial frog, allobate...
20945235 - A case study of acquired dyslexia and dysgraphia in cantonese: evidence for nonsemantic...
12587895 - The impact of reader skill on phonological processing in visual word recognition.
6518795 - Lateral eye movement and hemisphere asymmetry: effects of question type, task type, emo...
1595365 - Early signs of cognitive deficits among human immunodeficiency virus-positive hemophili...
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of personality and social psychology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1939-1315     ISO Abbreviation:  J Pers Soc Psychol     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0014171     Medline TA:  J Pers Soc Psychol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  All Roads Lead to Rome: The Impact of Multiple Attainment Means on Motivation.
Next Document:  Turning a Blind Eye to Temptation: How Cognitive Load Can Facilitate Self-Regulation.