Document Detail

Political violence, collective functioning and health: a review of the literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24133929     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Political violence is implicated in a range of mental health outcomes, including PTSD, depression, and anxiety. The social and political contexts of people's lives, however, offer considerable protection from the mental health effects of political violence. In spite of the importance of people's social and political environments for health, there is limited scholarship on how political violence compromises necessary social and political systems and inhibits individuals from participating in social and political life. Drawing on literature from multiple disciplines, including public health, anthropology, and psychology, this narrative review uses a multi-level, social ecological framework to enhance current knowledge about the ways that political violence affects health. Findings from over 50 studies were analysed and used to build a conceptual model demonstrating how political violence threatens three inter-related domains of functioning: individual functioning in relationship to their environment; community functioning and social fabric; and governmental functioning and delivery of services to populations. Results illustrate the need for multilevel frameworks that move beyond individual pathology towards more nuanced conceptualizations about how political violence affects health; findings contribute to the development of prevention programmes addressing political violence.
Cindy A Sousa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine, conflict, and survival     Volume:  29     ISSN:  1362-3699     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Confl Surviv     Publication Date:    2013 Jul-Sep
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-10-18     Completed Date:  2013-12-17     Revised Date:  2014-07-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9612305     Medline TA:  Med Confl Surviv     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  169-97     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Mental Health
Social Change*
Social Environment
Social Participation
Violence / psychology*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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