Document Detail


The Scribble/Lgl/Dlg polarity protein complex is a regulator of blood-testis barrier dynamics and spermatid polarity during spermatogenesis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23038739     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
During spermatogenesis, spermiogenesis that releases sperm into the tubule lumen and restructuring of the blood-testis barrier (BTB) that accommodates the transit of preleptotene spermatocytes take place simultaneously, but at the opposite ends of the seminiferous epithelium. These events are tightly regulated and coordinated; however, neither the underlying mechanism(s) nor the involving molecules are known. Herein, the Scribble/Lgl (Lethal giant larvae)/Dlg (Discs large) polarity complex was shown to regulate spermatid polarity during spermiogenesis and tight junction (TJ)-permeability barrier via changes in protein distribution at the apical ectoplasmic specialization and the BTB during the epithelial cycle, respectively. Scribble, Lgl2, and Dlg1 were found to be expressed by Sertoli and germ cells. Scribble also displayed stage-specific expression at the BTB, being highest at stages VII-VIII, colocalizing with TJ proteins occludin and ZO-1. Unlike components of other polarity complex modules, such as partitioning-defective 6, the knockdown of which by RNA interference was found to impede Sertoli cell TJ barrier, a knockdown of the Scribble complex (i.e. simultaneous knockdown of Scribble, Lgl and Dlg or Lgl alone; but not Scribble or Dlg alone) both in vitro and in vivo promoted the TJ integrity. This was mediated by reorganizing actin filament network at the Sertoli cell-cell interface, which, in turn, affected changes in the localization and/or distribution of occludin and/or β-catenin at the BTB. These knockdowns also perturbed F-actin organization at the Sertoli cell-spermatid interface, thereby modulating spermatid adhesion and polarity at the apical ectoplasmic specialization. In summary, the Scribble/Lgl/Dlg complex participates in the regulation of BTB dynamics and spermatid adhesion/polarity in the testis.
Authors:
Wenhui Su; Elissa W P Wong; Dolores D Mruk; C Yan Cheng
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-10-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  Endocrinology     Volume:  153     ISSN:  1945-7170     ISO Abbreviation:  Endocrinology     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-29     Completed Date:  2013-01-31     Revised Date:  2013-12-04    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375040     Medline TA:  Endocrinology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  6041-53     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing / biosynthesis*
Animals
Blood-Testis Barrier*
Gene Expression Profiling
Gene Expression Regulation*
Male
Membrane Proteins / biosynthesis*
Proteins / metabolism*
RNA, Small Interfering / metabolism
Rats
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Sertoli Cells / cytology
Spermatids / pathology*
Spermatogenesis
Testis / cytology
Tight Junctions / metabolism
Tumor Suppressor Proteins / biosynthesis*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 HD056034/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; U54 HD029990/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing; 0/Dlgh1 protein, rat; 0/LGL1 protein, rat; 0/Membrane Proteins; 0/Proteins; 0/RNA, Small Interfering; 0/Tumor Suppressor Proteins; 0/scribble protein, rat
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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