Document Detail

Pneumopericardium with cardiac tamponade as a complication of cardiac pacemaker insertion one year after procedure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20542397     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Background: Lead dislodgement has been shown to be the most common complication in the first 30 days after pacemaker insertion. Although it is rare, pneumopericardium with tamponade can also result. Objectives: We present a case of an extremely rare delay from cardiac pacemaker insertion to lead migration with resulting pneumopericardium and cardiac tamponade. Case Report: A 65-year-old woman with a past medical history significant for congestive heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and third-degree heart block, requiring pacemaker insertion 2 years prior with a revision 1 year prior, presented to the Emergency Department complaining of sudden-onset pleuritic chest pain. Her work-up revealed a pneumopericardium with atrial pacemaker lead migration into the right middle lobe of the lung. She suddenly developed hypotension and respiratory distress and required pericardiocentesis and, ultimately, surgical repair for a perforated right atrium. Conclusion: Pacemaker migration can lead to pneumopericardium and tamponade, even up to 1 year after placement.
Rory O'Neill; Marc Silver; Fahim Khorfan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-06-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of emergency medicine     Volume:  43     ISSN:  0736-4679     ISO Abbreviation:  J Emerg Med     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-08     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8412174     Medline TA:  J Emerg Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  641-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Emergency Medicine, Genesys Regional Medical Center, Grand Blanc, Michigan.
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