Document Detail

Pneumomediastinum in student aviators: 10 cases with return to flying duty.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15672989     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Pneumomediastinum (PnM) is an uncommon phenomenon, though it is one of the most common causes of chest pain in young adults. It may be particularly important among aviators, as it may result in in-flight incapacitation. Spontaneous PnM is a variant usually associated with the Valsalva maneuver, used during high-performance flight. This may increase the risk of PnM recurrence and raises concern regarding the return to flight duties of aviators after an episode of spontaneous PnM. We present 10 student aviators who experienced a single episode of uncomplicated PnM unassociated with flight. All were returned to flying duty following a normal pulmonary evaluation and are still in active duty. Follow-up was conducted for a mean period of 74.7 mo without any adverse consequences. These findings support the return of aviators to flying duty after a single episode of uncomplicated spontaneous PnM.
Alon Grossman; Ayal Romem; Bella Azaria; Liav Goldstein; Erez Barenboim
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Aviation, space, and environmental medicine     Volume:  76     ISSN:  0095-6562     ISO Abbreviation:  Aviat Space Environ Med     Publication Date:  2005 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-01-27     Completed Date:  2005-04-28     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7501714     Medline TA:  Aviat Space Environ Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  63-5     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Israeli Air Force Aeromedical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
Aerospace Medicine*
Chest Pain / etiology
Deglutition Disorders / etiology
Dyspnea / etiology
Lung / radiography
Mediastinal Emphysema / complications,  diagnosis*
Military Personnel
Pneumothorax / complications
Respiratory Function Tests

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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