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Pneumatosis in post-whipple patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23025951     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Pneumatosis intestinalis (PI) is the finding of air in the wall of the intestine. Clinical significance ranges from an incidental radiologic finding to an indicator of life-threatening disease requiring surgical intervention. We report the incidence and consequence of PI in a 7-year, single-surgeon, retrospective review. Data from demographics, imaging, and outcomes were analyzed. Two-tailed Fisher's exact test was performed to analyze the difference between groups. A total of 214 patients underwent a Whipple procedure with a routinely placed feeding tube during this period. Most had a gastrojejunal feeding tube, 80.4 per cent. Thirteen patients developed PI. Overall reoperation rate was nine of 201 versus four of 13 in the PI group (P < 0.02). Three patients taken back to the operating room with peritonitis and PI had a necrotic bowel. A fourth patient was taken to surgery for unrelenting upper gastrointestinal bleeding. The remaining nine were managed nonoperatively with resolution of PI. The 90-day death rate in those without PI was 2.9 per cent versus 23.3 per cent with PI (P < 0.02). Isolated PI can be managed nonoperatively; however, in the presence of peritonitis, it is a strong predictor of lethal complications.
Authors:
Lauren I Wikholm; David K Imagawa
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American surgeon     Volume:  78     ISSN:  1555-9823     ISO Abbreviation:  Am Surg     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370522     Medline TA:  Am Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1105-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Surgery, Maricopa Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona, USA.
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