Document Detail

Pneumatosis cystoides of the right colon: a possible source of misdiagnosis. Report of a case.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15832749     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis is a rare condition that can be located in any part of the gastrointestinal tract. It is usually associated with a wide variety of gastrointestinal or pulmonary diseases. The primitive form is much less frequent and usually involves the left colon. The pathogenesis of pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis is still unclear. The mechanical theory, which is the most accepted explanation, postulates that gas is forced into the bowel wall by breaks in the mucosa; this is more likely to occur when the intraluminal pressure is higher, as happens in obstructive conditions, during endoscopies, or during infections from gas-forming bacteria. Pneumatosis cystoides is often asymptomatic, representing an occasional finding during investigations for other abdominal conditions. Complications occur in about 3% of cases and include obstruction, intussusception, volvulus, haemorrhage and intestinal perforation. When presenting acutely or in association with other abdominal conditions the differential diagnosis is rarely a problem. More important is to diagnose asymptomatic primitive submucosal pneumatosis of the colon, in order to avoid unnecessary intestinal resections. The Authors present the case of a patient with pneumatosis coli who underwent laparotomy for a suspected colonic lipomatosis of the right colon.
Luigi Zorcolo; Fabio Capra; Giuseppe D'Alia; Francesco Scintu; Giuseppe Casula
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chirurgia italiana     Volume:  57     ISSN:  0009-4773     ISO Abbreviation:  Chir Ital     Publication Date:    2005 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-04-18     Completed Date:  2005-05-17     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0151753     Medline TA:  Chir Ital     Country:  Italy    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  121-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of General Surgery, Coloproctology Center, University of Cagliari, Cagliari.
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MeSH Terms
Colon* / pathology,  surgery
Diagnosis, Differential
Lipomatosis / diagnosis
Middle Aged
Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis / diagnosis*,  pathology,  surgery

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