Document Detail

Pneumatization of the articular eminence on cone beam computed tomography: prevalence, characteristics and a review of the literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21239574     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and characteristics of pneumatized articular eminence (PAT) by cone beam CT (CBCT) and to present a review of the PAT literature.
METHODS: A retrospective study was performed using sagittal and coronal CBCT images of 514 patients in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Ataturk University, Turkey. Age and gender were recorded for all patients and, for the cases of PAT, laterality and types were also recorded. The χ(2) test was used.
RESULTS: Of the 514 patients, 41 (8.0%) had PAT, of whom 25 were female (61.0%) and 16 were male (39.0%). This difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). The age range of the patients with PAT was 15-62 years (mean 30.6 ± 11.4). Of the 41 patients, 31 (75.6%) had unilateral and 10 (24.4%) had bilateral PAT. 17 (41.5%) PATs were unilocular and 24 (58.5%) were multilocular.
CONCLUSIONS: It is possible that PAT is a more frequent condition than is commonly perceived. In differential diagnosis of suspected cases or in cases for which surgical treatment is planned, panoramic radiographs should be supplemented with CBCT.
O Miloglu; A B Yilmaz; E Yildirim; H M Akgul
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Dento maxillo facial radiology     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0250-832X     ISO Abbreviation:  Dentomaxillofac Radiol     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-17     Completed Date:  2011-03-21     Revised Date:  2013-07-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7609576     Medline TA:  Dentomaxillofac Radiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  110-4     Citation Subset:  D    
Department of Oral Diagnosis and Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Ataturk University, 25240, Erzurum, Turkey.
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MeSH Terms
Chi-Square Distribution
Cone-Beam Computed Tomography*
Mandibular Condyle / radiography
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies
Temporal Bone / radiography
Temporomandibular Joint / anatomy & histology,  radiography*
Young Adult
Zygoma / radiography

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