Document Detail

Pleiotropic effects of statins: evidence for benefits beyond LDL-cholesterol lowering.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21391728     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Evidence is mounting that 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins) have a number of pleiotropic effects over and above their lipid-lowering properties in patients with cardiovascular disease and heart failure. In addition to lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride levels, several studies have shown statins to improve survival and reduce the risk of major cardiovascular events in patients without established cardiovascular disease but with cardiovascular risk factors. Statins have also been shown to have beneficial effects, including a reduction in all-cause mortality, in patients with ischemic and non-ischemic congestive heart failure, and have been associated with a reduced incidence of atrial fibrillation. Furthermore, statins have been associated with improvements in renal function in patients with pre-existing renal disease or the prevention of new-onset renal dysfunction, as well as improvements in lung function in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or age-related decline in lung function. The pleiotropic effects of statins appear to result from improvements in endothelial function, a reduction in inflammatory mediators, a decline in the development of atheroma through the stabilization of atheromatous plaques, and the inhibition of cardiac hypertrophy through an antioxidant mechanism. Long-term statin use may reduce morbidity and mortality rates in a broad range of patients, and most patients at high risk of cardiovascular disease may benefit from statin treatment; however, further data are required to demonstrate conclusively whether these trends are truly independent of the lipid-lowering effects of statins.
Mario Marzilli
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of cardiovascular drugs : drugs, devices, and other interventions     Volume:  10 Suppl 1     ISSN:  1175-3277     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Cardiovasc Drugs     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100967755     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiovasc Drugs     Country:  New Zealand    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Cardiothoracic Department, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
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