Document Detail


Platelet aggregation secondary to coronary obstruction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  767018     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
From many observations made at autopsy it is apparent that thrombosis in a coronary artery is usually, if not always, associated with rupture of an atheromatous plaque. The sequelae of such rupture include hemorrhage into the plaque with further narrowing of the lumen, formation of an occlusive thrombus or of a non-occlusive thrombus. A developing thrombus in an artery undergoes fragmentation with showering of the distal microcirculation by aggregates of platelets possibly with some admixture of fibrin. In many cases of sudden cardiac death associated with severe atherosclerotic stenosis of the coronary vessels, an occlusive thrombus is not found and the myocardium shows no morphological lesion or else focal patchy early damage in the subendocardial region. One possible mechanism that might explain these findings is microembolism from mural nonobstructing coronary thrombus. Such a mechanism is well established in transient ischemia of the brain and retina related to ulcerated atheroma of the internal carotid artery. Experimental observations indicate that platelet aggregates in the myocardial circulation cause arrhythmias, sudden death, vasculitis, and myocardial ischemic damage. Induction of an occlusive coronary artery thrombus is associated with development of an infarct involving the full thickness of the myocardium. A nonocclusive thrombus is associated with either no myocardial damage or focal subendocardial ischemic injury. It is possible that further aggregation of platelets may facilitate the extension of infarction subsequent to an occlusive event, although there is little evidence on this point. A number of clinical studies show increased platelet reactivity to agents causing aggregation, such as norepinephrine or collagen, in subjects experiencing thromboembolic episodes. It seems unlikely, however, that in vitro tests of platelet function can identify or predict clinical arterial thrombotic disease, although studies of platelet survival and turnover may be more helpful. There is also evidence that platelet survival may be prolonged by drugs having a therapeutic benefit in coronary artery disease and arterial thromboembolism. There is a need for better designed and coordinated clinical trials and for better experimental approaches to explore the relationships among coronary thrombosis, embolsim of the myocardial microcirculation, myocardial ischemia, and sudden death.
Authors:
S Moore
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation     Volume:  53     ISSN:  0009-7322     ISO Abbreviation:  Circulation     Publication Date:  1976 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1976-05-25     Completed Date:  1976-05-25     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0147763     Medline TA:  Circulation     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  I66-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Coronary Circulation
Coronary Disease / blood*,  physiopathology
Death, Sudden
Dogs
Humans
Platelet Aggregation*

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