Document Detail


Platelet aggregation inhibitors, platelet function testing, and blood loss in hip fracture surgery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21068622     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The purpose of our prospective study was to analyze how many patients with hip fractures are on treatment with platelet aggregation inhibitors (aspirin and clopidogrel), how many of these patients have impaired platelet function as measured by the PFA-100, and whether there is an association between perioperative blood loss and either intake of platelet inhibitors or platelet function.
METHODS: Four hundred sixty-two patients with hip fractures were investigated. Surgery (most commonly dynamic screw fixation and hemiarthroplasty) was performed on day 1.3 (in patients on clopidogrel on day 3). Platelet function analysis was performed with the PFA-100, using the collagen and epinephrine closure time. Transfusion requirement and drain blood loss were measured.
RESULTS: Ninety-eight patients (21%) were on treatment with aspirin, of those, 64 patients (65%) had impaired platelet function. Twenty-two patients (5%) were on clopidogrel, of those, 15 patients (68%) had impaired platelet function. Of the patients without platelet aggregation inhibitors, 29% had impaired platelet function. Mortality, major bleeding, red blood cell requirement, and drainage blood loss did not correlate with platelet aggregation inhibitor intake or platelet function.
CONCLUSIONS: It is not possible to predict the platelet function by asking patients about intake of aspirin or clopidogrel. Perioperative blood loss did not correlate with either history of platelet aggregation inhibitor intake or platelet function as determined by PFA-100. Therefore, the measurement of platelet function is of little clinical relevance in patients with hip fractures. In patients treated with aspirin, surgery should not be delayed, and patients on clopidogrel can be operated on 3 days after stopping the drug without increased bleeding risk.
Authors:
Heinrich Wolfgang Thaler; Florian Frisee; Christian Korninger
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of trauma     Volume:  69     ISSN:  1529-8809     ISO Abbreviation:  J Trauma     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-11     Completed Date:  2011-01-11     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376373     Medline TA:  J Trauma     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1217-20; discussion 1221     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Trauma Center Meidling, Vienna, Austria. heinrich.thaler@auva.at
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Blood Loss, Surgical / prevention & control*
Blood Platelets / drug effects,  physiology*
Bone Screws
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Fracture Fixation, Internal / instrumentation
Hip Fractures / blood,  surgery*
Humans
Male
Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors / therapeutic use*
Platelet Function Tests
Prospective Studies
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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