Document Detail


Plasma visfatin and ghrelin response to prolonged sculling in competitive male rowers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19092696     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: The aim of this investigation was to measure plasma visfatin and ghrelin responses to a single endurance rowing training session in male competitive single scull rowers. METHODS: Nine national level male rowers (20.1 +/- 1.5 yr; 183.9 +/- 4.3 cm; 81.0 +/- 5.0 kg; 10.8 +/- 3.3% body fat) completed two trials (exercise or control) on separate days. The exercise consisted of a prolonged rowing training session lasting approximately 2 h (distance = 20.7 +/- 1.4 km; HR = 133 +/- 4 bpm; intensity = 80.2 +/- 1.6% of the HR turn point) followed by a 30-min rest. Venous blood samples were collected before and after on-water rowing. The control trial consisted of rest and blood collection similar to exercise trial. RESULTS: No differences were found at baseline values for plasma visfatin, ghrelin, and leptin for both trials. The estimated energy expenditure of the exercise trial was 1200-1500 kcal. Plasma visfatin (-10.0%; P < 0.05) and leptin (-20.0%; P < 0.05) were reduced, and ghrelin concentration was increased (+12.2%; P < 0.05) after a 30-min postexercise. No differences in plasma visfatin, ghrelin, or leptin over time were observed during control trial. There was no relationship between basal visfatin and body composition, energy balance, aerobic power, or blood biochemical data. Plasma visfatin (r = -0.76) and ghrelin (r = 0.75) measured immediately after the training session were related (P < 0.05) to the distance covered, and no relation was observed for postexercise leptin (r = -0.16; P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Acute negative energy balance induced by a single endurance rowing training session elicited an inverse metabolic response in visfatin and ghrelin in competitive male rowers. Our results suggest that peripheral markers of negative energy balance, such as visfatin and ghrelin, may be regarded as signals for metabolic reaction to the energy cost of acute exercise. The results of our study also suggest that an energy-deficit threshold must be met for the response to occur.
Authors:
Jaak Jürimäe; Raul Rämson; Jarek Mäestu; Priit Purge; Toivo Jürimäe; Paul J Arciero; Serge P von Duvillard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1530-0315     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2009 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-12-24     Completed Date:  2009-05-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  137-43     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Center of Behavioral and Health Sciences, Institute of Sport Pedagogy and Coaching Sciences, University of Tartu, Tartu, ESTONIA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Physiological
Adult
Athletic Performance / physiology*
Biological Markers
Competitive Behavior*
Energy Intake
Energy Metabolism
Exercise Tolerance*
Ghrelin / blood*
Humans
Leptin / blood*
Male
Nicotinamide Phosphoribosyltransferase / blood*
Ships*
Sports / physiology*
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Biological Markers; 0/Ghrelin; 0/Leptin; EC 2.4.2.12/Nicotinamide Phosphoribosyltransferase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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