Document Detail

Plasma norepinephrine and left ventricular hypertrophy in systemic hypertension.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6231849     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The relations between some pressure and humoral factors, and some echocardiographic indexes of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy were studied in 64 patients with essential hypertension. Fifty-seven percent of these patients showed echocardiographic evidence of LV hypertrophy (LV mass greater than 215 g). Multivariate stepwise regression analysis showed that only mean blood pressure (BP) and circulating norepinephrine (NE) levels were significantly related to LV mass index in the group of patients with LV hypertrophy. However, mean BP was the only factor related to LV mass index in the subgroup of patients with LV hypertrophy and plasma NE within the normal laboratory range, whereas NE was the sole factor related to LV mass index in the subgroup with LV hypertrophy and abnormally elevated NE levels (greater than mean + 2 standard deviations of the normal laboratory range). Correlation of LV mass index vs NE was -0.35 (not significant) in the former group of patients and 0.89 (p less than 0.01) in the latter group. NE showed no relation with the echocardiographic variables in the hypertensive patients without LV hypertrophy; in this group, diastolic BP was the only factor related to LV mass index. Circulating NE levels were slightly higher in patients with LV hypertrophy (213 +/- 68 ng/liter) than in those without LV hypertrophy (187 +/- 46 ng/liter), but differences were not significant when adjusting NE for age. Plasma renin activity was not dissimilar in the absence or presence of hypertrophy. In conclusion, our findings suggest that NE might be associated with pressure factors in regulating LV hypertrophy development only in a subgroup of hypertensive patients characterized by echocardiographic LV hypertrophy and abnormally elevated circulating NE levels.
L Corea; M Bentivoglio; P Verdecchia; M Motolese
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  53     ISSN:  0002-9149     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1984 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-05-21     Completed Date:  1984-05-21     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1299-303     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Cardiomegaly / blood*,  etiology
Hypertension / blood*,  complications
Norepinephrine / blood*
Regression Analysis
Renin / blood
Reg. No./Substance:
51-41-2/Norepinephrine; EC

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