Document Detail

Plasma levels of arginine, ornithine, and urea and growth performance of broilers fed supplemental L-arginine during cool temperature exposure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11261568     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Two experiments (Experiment 1 and 2) were conducted to evaluate growth performance, ascites mortality, and concentrations of plasma Arg, urea, and ornithine in male broilers raised in floor pens (2 x 4 factorial experiment, six pens for treatment) and exposed to cool temperatures averaging 16 C after 21 d of age. Broilers were fed low- or high-CP diets in both Experiments. In Experiment 1, Arg treatments consisted of control (no supplemental Arg); 0.15 or 0.3% supplemental Arg in the diet (low- and medium-Arg feed, respectively); and 0.3% supplemental Arg in the drinking water (Arg-water). Arginine levels were increased in Experiment 2 and consisted of the following: control (no supplemental Arg); 0.3 or 0.85% supplemental Arg in the diet (medium- and high-Arg feed, respectively); and 0.6% supplemental Arg in the drinking water (Arg-water). The water treatment followed a 3-d cyclic regimen, with supplemental Arg being provided for 24 h, followed by tap water for 48 h. When the broilers reached 37 d of age and all groups had consumed tap water for the previous 48 h, blood samples were collected from one bird per pen (Time 0, 0700 h); then supplemental Arg was provided in the Arg-water group, and additional blood samples were collected from the control and Arg-water groups at 3, 6, 12, and 36 h after Time 0. Plasma amino acids were analyzed using HPLC. Birds fed the high-CP diet were heavier at 49 d than birds fed the low-CP diet in Experiment 1, but not in Experiment 2. No differences were found in feed conversion or ascites mortality due to CP or Arg treatments in either experiment. In both experiments, plasma Arg was similar for all groups at Time 0, but increased in the Arg-water group at 3, 6, and 12 h after Arg was provided in the water. Within 12 h after returning to tap water, plasma Arg levels of the Arg-water group did not differ from the control group. Plasma urea and ornithine were parallel to plasma Arg concentrations, and the high-CP diets resulted in higher plasma levels of urea and ornithine compared with low-CP diets. These results indicate that kidney arginase was readily activated by Arg provided in the water, resulting in an immediate increase in plasma urea and ornithine. Plasma Arg was increased significantly, but no effects were observed in ascites mortality.
C A Ruiz-Feria; M T Kidd; R F Wideman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Poultry science     Volume:  80     ISSN:  0032-5791     ISO Abbreviation:  Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2001 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-03-22     Completed Date:  2001-10-25     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401150     Medline TA:  Poult Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  358-69     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Poultry Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville 72701, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Arginase / metabolism*
Arginine* / administration & dosage,  blood
Chickens / growth & development*
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
Dietary Supplements
Kidney / enzymology
Ornithine / blood*
Time Factors
Urea / blood*
Weight Gain
Reg. No./Substance:
57-13-6/Urea; 7006-33-9/Ornithine; 74-79-3/Arginine; EC

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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