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Plasma free amino acid kinetics in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) using a bolus injection of 15N-labeled amino acids.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20676903     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To gain insight into the metabolic design of the amino acid carrier systems in fish, we injected a bolus of (15)N amino acids into the dorsal aorta in mature rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). The plasma kinetic parameters including concentration, pool size, rate of disappearance (R(d)), half-life and turnover rate were determined for 15 amino acids. When corrected for metabolic rate, the R(d) values obtained for trout for most amino acids were largely comparable to human values, with the exception of glutamine (which was lower) and threonine (which was higher). R(d) values ranged from 0.9 μmol 100 g(-1) h(-1) (lysine) to 22.1 μmol 100 g(-1) h(-1) (threonine) with most values falling between 2 and 6 μmol 100 g(-1) h(-1). There was a significant correlation between R(d) and the molar proportion of amino acids in rainbow trout whole body protein hydrolysate. Other kinetic parameters did not correlate significantly with whole body amino acid composition. This indicates that an important design feature of the plasma-free amino acids system involves proportional delivery of amino acids to tissues for protein synthesis.
Authors:
Jacob William Robinson; Dan Yanke; Jeff Mirza; James Stuart Ballantyne
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-07-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  Amino acids     Volume:  40     ISSN:  1438-2199     ISO Abbreviation:  Amino Acids     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9200312     Medline TA:  Amino Acids     Country:  Austria    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  689-96     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road East, RM. 3407 New Science Complex, Guelph, ON, N1G2W1, Canada. jrobin06@uoguelph.ca
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