Document Detail


Plasma amino acids of infants consuming soybean proteins with and without added methionine.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  986425     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Fasting plasma free amino acids were determined in 54 convalescent malnourished infants: seven infants while consuming a diet based on isolated soybean protein, containing 4.0% to 5.3% of dietary metabolizable energy (calories) as protein (A), 20 at 6.4% to 6.7% protein calories (B), 23 at 6.4% to 6.7% protein calories with added DL-methionine (C), and four with 8.0% to 12.3% protein calories (D). There were no differences in total amino acid concentration (TAA) among the four groups; the molar fraction of essential amino acids (EAA:TAA) was lower for group A; there were no differences among the four groups in Lys:EAA or 1/2 cystine:EAA ratios or in Met concentration. Met:EAA was higher in C than B, with considerable overlap of individual values. In 10 of 13 infants who were represented in both B and C, Met concentration and Met:EAA ratio were higher in group C. Fasting plasma AA levels are not consistently reliable for field or clinical assessment of dietary Met adequacy. Fasting and postprandial (3- and 4-hour) plasma AA were determined in 29 infants: in 12 the preceding diet and the test meal were both Met-deficient with less than 6.7% protein calories (E), in five the preceding diet was milk-based but the test meal was Met-deficient at less than 6.7% (F), in five the preceding diet and test meal were based on isolated soybean protein at less than 6.7% with DL-Met added (G), and in seven the test meal was soy-based with greater than 9.0% protein calories (H). Plasma Met concentration and Met:EAA fell significantly at 3 and 4 hours in groups E and F, but not in groups G and H, suggesting that a postprandial fall in Met:EAA ratio can be used to identify dietary Met deficiency in field situations.
Authors:
G G Graham; W C MacLean; R P Placko
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nutrition     Volume:  106     ISSN:  0022-3166     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  1976 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1976-10-20     Completed Date:  1976-10-20     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404243     Medline TA:  J Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1307-13     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Amino Acids / blood*
Amino Acids, Essential / blood
Child, Preschool
Convalescence
Fasting
Food, Fortified
Humans
Infant
Methionine* / blood,  deficiency
Nutrition Disorders / metabolism*
Soybeans*
Vegetable Proteins*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Amino Acids; 0/Amino Acids, Essential; 0/Vegetable Proteins; 63-68-3/Methionine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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