Document Detail

Plasma Levels of trans-Fatty Acids are Low in Exclusively Breastfed Infants of Adolescent Mothers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21409428     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The purpose of this study was to determine the levels of trans-octadecenoic acid (C18:1-trans) and trans-isomers of linoleic acid (18:2-trans), as well as long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA), in the plasma from infants of adolescent mothers at 3 months of age, exclusively breastfed, and the relationship with the levels of the same isomers in plasma and milk of the mothers. Samples of blood and mature milk were obtained from 49 healthy adolescent mothers and their exclusively breastfed infants treated at the Instituto Fernandes Figueira-Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (IFF-FIOCRUZ) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. trans-Fatty acids (TFA) were analyzed by gas chromatography. The results of this study showed low levels of TFA in milk (1.53%), maternal plasma (0.50%), and plasma of infants (0.74%). The results show that, although TFA have been found in the plasma of the studied infants, the LC-PUFA levels are kept within normal limits. No association between TFA presence and parameters of nutritional status of the infants was observed, probably due to the low levels of these fatty acids found in this study.
Roseli de Souza Santos da Costa; Flavia da Silva Santos; Felipe Domingues da Conceição; Claudia Saunders; Fatima Lúcia de Carvalho Sardinha; Célia Regina Moutinho de Miranda Chaves; Maria da Graças Tavares do Carmo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Lipids     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1558-9307     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0060450     Medline TA:  Lipids     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Instituto de Nutrição Josué de Castro, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil,
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