Document Detail

Plant type ferredoxins and ferredoxin-dependent metabolism.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23190083     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Ferredoxin (Fd), is a small [2Fe-2S] cluster containing protein found in all organisms performing oxygenic photosynthesis. Fd is the first soluble acceptor of electrons on the stromal side of the chloroplast electron transport chain, and as such is pivotal to determining the distribution of these electrons to different metabolic reactions. In chloroplasts, the principle sink for electrons is in the production of NADPH, which is mostly consumed during the assimilation of CO(2) . In addition to this primary function in photosynthesis, Fds are also involved in a number of other essential metabolic reactions, including biosynthesis of chlorophyll, phytochrome and fatty acids, several steps in the assimilation of sulfur and nitrogen as well as redox signalling and maintenance of redox balance via the thioredoxin system and Halliwell-Asada cycle. This makes Fds crucial determinants of the electron transfer between the thylakoid membrane, and a variety of soluble enzymes dependent on these electrons. In this article, we will first describe the current knowledge on the structure and function of the various Fd isoforms present in chloroplasts of higher plants, and then discuss the processes involved in oxidation of Fd, introducing the corresponding enzymes and discussing what is known about their relative interaction with Fd.
Guy Hanke; Paula Mulo
Related Documents :
1498353 - Reflection electron energy-loss spectroscopy and imaging for surface studies in transmi...
16851373 - Cluster and periodic dft calculations of mgo/pd(co) and mgo/pd(co)(2) surface complexes.
24113923 - Govindjee at 80: more than 50 years of free energy for photosynthesis.
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plant, cell & environment     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-3040     ISO Abbreviation:  Plant Cell Environ.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9309004     Medline TA:  Plant Cell Environ     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Plant Physiology, Faculty of Biology and Chemistry, University of Osnabrück, DE-49076, Germany.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  How the Conical Intersection Seam Controls Chemical Selectivity in the Photocycloaddition of Ethylen...
Next Document:  Characteristics of elderly hepatitis C virus-associated hepatocellular carcinoma patients.