Document Detail

Plant cell walls to ethanol.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22329798     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Conversion of plant cell walls to ethanol constitutes second generation bioethanol production. The process consists of several steps: biomass selection/genetic modification, physiochemical pretreatment, enzymatic saccharification, fermentation and separation. Ultimately, it is desirable to combine as many of the biochemical steps as possible in a single organism to achieve CBP (consolidated bioprocessing). A commercially ready CBP organism is currently unreported. Production of second generation bioethanol is hindered by economics, particularly in the cost of pretreatment (including waste management and solvent recovery), the cost of saccharification enzymes (particularly exocellulases and endocellulases displaying kcat ~1 s-1 on crystalline cellulose), and the inefficiency of co-fermentation of 5- and 6-carbon monosaccharides (owing in part to redox cofactor imbalances in Saccharomyces cerevisiae).
Douglas B Jordan; Michael J Bowman; Jay D Braker; Bruce S Dien; Ronald E Hector; Charles C Lee; Jeffrey A Mertens; Kurt Wagschal
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Biochemical journal     Volume:  442     ISSN:  1470-8728     ISO Abbreviation:  Biochem. J.     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-02-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2984726R     Medline TA:  Biochem J     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  241-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
*USDA Agricultural Research Service, National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, Peoria, IL 61604, U.S.A.
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