Document Detail


Plant Cell Wall Deconstruction by Ascomycete Fungi.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23808333     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Plant biomass degradation by fungi requires a diverse set of secreted enzymes and significantly contributes to the global carbon cycle. Recent advances in genomic and systems-level studies have begun to reveal how filamentous ascomycete species exploit carbon sources in different habitats. These studies have laid the groundwork for unraveling new enzymatic strategies for deconstructing the plant cell wall, including the discovery of polysaccharide monooxygenases that enhance the activity of cellulases. The identification of genes encoding proteins lacking functional annotation, but that are coregulated with cellulolytic genes, suggests functions associated with plant biomass degradation remain to be elucidated. Recent research shows that signaling cascades mediating cellulolytic responses often act in a light-dependent manner and show crosstalk with other metabolic pathways. In this review, we cover plant biomass degradation, from sensing, to transmission and modulation of signals, to activation of transcription factors and gene induction, to enzyme complement and function. Expected final online publication date for the Annual Review of Microbiology Volume 67 is September 08, 2013. Please see http://www.annualreviews.org/catalog/pubdates.aspx for revised estimates.
Authors:
N Louise Glass; Monika Schmoll; Jamie H D Cate; Samuel Coradetti
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-6-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annual review of microbiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1545-3251     ISO Abbreviation:  Annu. Rev. Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-7-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372370     Medline TA:  Annu Rev Microbiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Plant and Microbial Biology Department, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720; email: Lglass@berkeley.edu.
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