Document Detail

Placental pathology and neurological morbidity in preterm infants during the first two weeks after birth.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24331826     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: The placenta plays a crucial role during pregnancy and dysfunction causes long-term neurological problems. Identifying placenta-related risks for neurological problems shortly after birth may provide clues for early interventions aiming to improve neurological outcome.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between placental pathology and neurological morbidity in preterm infants during the first two weeks after birth.
STUDY DESIGN: Placentas of 52 singleton, preterm infants (GA: 25-31weeks, BW: 560-2250 grammes) were examined for histopathology. The infants' neurological condition shortly after birth was determined by assessing the quality of their general movements (GMs): normal, abnormal, or hypokinetic, on days 5, 8, and 15. A motor optimality score (MOS) was also assigned.
RESULTS: Examination of the placentas revealed maternal vascular underperfusion (n=29), ascending intrauterine infection (AIUI) (n=19), villitis of unknown aetiology (n=6), chronic deciduitis (n=11), foetal thrombotic vasculopathy (FTV) (n=9), and elevated nucleated red blood cells (NRBCs) as a marker for foetal hypoxia (n=7). None of the placental lesions were significantly associated with the quality of GMs or MOS.
CONCLUSIONS: This study indicated that placental lesions were not associated with infants' neurological condition as measured by the quality of their general movements during the first two weeks after birth.
A M Roescher; A Timmer; M M Hitzert; N K S de Vries; E A Verhagen; J J H M Erwich; A F Bos
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-12-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Early human development     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-6232     ISO Abbreviation:  Early Hum. Dev.     Publication Date:  2013 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-12-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7708381     Medline TA:  Early Hum Dev     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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