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Placental pathology, birthweight discordance, and growth restriction in twin pregnancy: results of the ESPRiT Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22835491     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the association between placental histological abnormalities and birthweight discordance and growth restriction in twin pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a multicenter, prospective study of twin pregnancies. Placentas were examined for evidence of infarction, retroplacental hemorrhage, chorangioma, subchorial fibrin, or abnormal villus maturation. Association of placental lesions with chorionicity, birthweight discordance, and growth restriction were assessed. RESULTS: In all, 668 twin pairs were studied, 21.1% monochorionic and 78.9% dichorionic. Histological abnormalities were more frequent in placentas of smaller twins of birthweight discordant pairs (P = .02) and in placentas of small for gestational age infants (P = .0001) when compared to controls. The association of placental abnormalities with both birthweight discordance and small for gestational age was significant for dichorionic twins (P = .01 and .0001, respectively). No such association was seen in monochorionic twins. CONCLUSION: In a large, prospective, multicenter study, we observed a strong relationship between abnormalities of placental histology and birthweight discordance and growth restriction in dichorionic, but not monochorionic, twin pregnancies.
Authors:
Etaoin M Kent; Fionnuala M Breathnach; John E Gillan; Fionnuala M McAuliffe; Michael P Geary; Sean Daly; John R Higgins; Alyson Hunter; John J Morrison; Gerard Burke; Shane Higgins; Stephen Carroll; Patrick Dicker; Fiona Manning; Elizabeth Tully; Fergal D Malone
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-6868     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370476     Medline TA:  Am J Obstet Gynecol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, Ireland.
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