Document Detail

Placental findings contributing to fetal death, a study of 120 stillbirths between 23 and 40 weeks gestation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19535137     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine fetal death is an agonizing, often unpredictable event. Autopsies of stillborn fetuses, including placentas, are performed to clarify the cause of death. Autopsy results are not always easily understood by the patients or their healthcare providers. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate placental causes of death in stillbirths based on autopsy and placental findings that are related to maternal underperfusion, fetal underperfusion, or inflammatory etiologies in hierarchical order. METHODS: Retrospective review of 120 autopsy reports of singleton stillborn fetuses and placentas from 23 to 40 weeks of gestation. RESULTS: Among the placental causes of death there were 54(51%) cases with direct cause or major contributor to death in the etiology of maternal vascular supply abnormalities, 28(26%) cases in the etiology of fetal vascular supply abnormalities and 13(12%) in the etiology of inflammatory lesions. Maternal vascular supply abnormalities were more common in preterm stillbirths and fetal vascular supply abnormalities were more common among term stillbirths. In 88% of stillbirths, the direct cause or a major contributor to death was found in the placentas. The incidence of unexplained death was 8%. CONCLUSIONS: Pathological analysis of the placenta is essential for clarifying causes of stillbirths. Using specific simplified categories for abnormal placental findings may increase the benefits of the autopsy report.
D Kidron; J Bernheim; R Aviram
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2009-06-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Placenta     Volume:  30     ISSN:  1532-3102     ISO Abbreviation:  Placenta     Publication Date:  2009 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-07-28     Completed Date:  2009-10-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006349     Medline TA:  Placenta     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  700-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pathology, Meir Medical Center, Kfar Sava and Sackler School of Medicine Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
Fetal Death / etiology,  pathology*
Gestational Age
Placenta / abnormalities,  blood supply,  pathology*
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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