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Placental Protein 13 as an Early Predictor in Egyptian Patients With Preeclampsia, Correlation to Risk, and Association With Outcome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22460234     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: Placental protein 13 (PP13) is a protein expressed only in the placenta. It is involved in gluing the placenta to the uterus and remodeling the maternal arteries to expand them. Women who subsequently develop preterm preeclampsia have low first trimester maternal serum. AIM OF WORK: The aim of this work was to assess the value of PP13 as an early marker for screening of preeclampsia and to correlate it with the PP13 messenger RNA (mRNA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: As a part of the Antenatal Screening Project, 100 women in the first trimester of pregnancy were selected and subdivided into 2 groups: 50 women who developed preeclampsia in their third trimester (patient group) and 50 women who completed normal uncomplicated pregnancy until full term (control group). Placental protein 13 level was measured using the commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit and PP13 mRNA was tested using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: The maternal serum PP13 level in the preeclamptic group was (157.9 ± 45.5 pg/mL), which is significantly lower than that of the control group (225.3 ± 67.3 pg/mL), with highly statistically significant difference (P < 0.0001). The frequency of maternal PP13 mRNA expression was lower in the preeclamptic group (28%) compared to that in the control group (76%), with highly statistically significant difference (P < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Combined serum PP13 level assay and PP13 mRNA expression are reliable markers for early detection of preeclampsia, and we recommend doing it as a routine investigation during the first trimester.
Authors:
Walid S El Sherbiny; Ahmed S Nasr; Aml S Nasr
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of investigative medicine : the official publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1708-8267     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9501229     Medline TA:  J Investig Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
From the Departments of *Obstetrics and Gynecology, and †Clinical Pathology, Kasr El Eini School of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.
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