Document Detail

Placebo effects of caffeine on short-term resistance exercise to failure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19567927     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: This study examined the placebo effect of caffeine on number of repetitions (reps), rating of perceived exertion (RPE), blood pressure (BP), and peak heart rate (PHR) during resistance-training exercise with repetitions (reps) performed to volitional failure. METHODS: Following determination of 1-rep maximum in single-leg leg extension, 15 males performed reps to failure at 60% 1-RM in 3 conditions: control, perceived caffeine condition, and perceived placebo condition presented in a randomized order. Participants were informed they would ingest 250 mL of solution that contained either 3 caffeine or 3 placebo 1 h before each exercise trial. A deceptive protocol was employed and subjects consumed a placebo solution in both conditions. During each condition, total reps, RPE for the active muscle and overall body, and PHR were recorded. RESULTS: Subjects completed 2 more reps when they perceived they had ingested caffeine. RPE was significantly (P=.04) lower in the perceived caffeine and control conditions and RPE for the active muscle was significantly higher across all conditions compared with RPE for the overall body. No substantial differences were evident in PHR across conditions. CONCLUSIONS: Results of this study are similar to studies of actual caffeine ingestion. However, the perception of consuming a substance that purportedly enhances performance is sufficient enough to enable individuals to complete a greater number of reps to failure during short-term resistance exercise.
Michael J Duncan; Mark Lyons; Joanne Hankey
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of sports physiology and performance     Volume:  4     ISSN:  1555-0265     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2009 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-07-01     Completed Date:  2009-07-31     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101276430     Medline TA:  Int J Sports Physiol Perform     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  244-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Derby, Derby, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Administration, Oral
Blood Pressure
Caffeine / administration & dosage*
Central Nervous System Stimulants / administration & dosage*
Heart Rate
Muscle Fatigue*
Physical Exertion
Placebo Effect
Resistance Training*
Task Performance and Analysis
Young Adult
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Central Nervous System Stimulants; 58-08-2/Caffeine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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