Document Detail


Pituitary apoplexy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25063308     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Pituitary apoplexy is a clinical syndrome of sudden headache and visual decline associated with acute hemorrhagic or ischemic change of an intrasellar mass, and comprises only a subset of hemorrhagic pituitary lesions. The most common presenting symptoms include headache, nausea, diminished visual acuity or visual field, ophthalmoplegia/paresis, and impaired mental status. Multiple risk factors have been reported, although the majority of cases have no identifiable precipitants. MRI is the most sensitive diagnostic modality, with specific imaging findings dependent on the timing post-hemorrhage. Early clinical suspicion is imperative to allow for corticosteroid replacement and hemodynamic stabilization when indicated. Transsphenoidal surgical decompression improves outcome in a majority of cases, although conservative management may be appropriate in select scenarios.
Authors:
Wenya Linda Bi; Ian F Dunn; Edward R Laws
Related Documents :
661708 - Holter monitoring in cardiological practice.
23382768 - Gyrate atrophy of choroid and retina with myopia, cataract and systemic proximal myopat...
12173828 - Efficacy of intraoperative mapping to optimize the surgical ablation of atrial fibrilla...
2414758 - Pacemaker malfunction simulated by amplifier saturation.
10980468 - Lupus erythematosus with an erythema multiforme-like eruption.
18568718 - Mismatch of neurophysiological findings in partial recovery of consciousness: a case re...
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-7-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Endocrine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1559-0100     ISO Abbreviation:  Endocrine     Publication Date:  2014 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-7-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9434444     Medline TA:  Endocrine     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Safety and efficacy of a multiphase dietetic protocol with meal replacements including a step with v...
Next Document:  Day-night variations in thyroid stimulating hormone and its relation with clinical status and metabo...