Document Detail

Pitfalls of body fat assessments in premature infants by anthropometry.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8297937     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Subcutaneous fat mass (SFM) and total fat mass (TFM) were estimated in 16 preterm infants at 8 +/- 2 days postnatal age. SFM was estimated from anthropometric measurements: 5 skinfold thicknesses, 5 body circumferences, and regional body lengths. TFM was estimated from total body water measurements using dilution of isotopic water, H2(18)O. The proportion of TFM that was SFM decreased with an increase in TFM. In infants with less than 100 g of TFM (5% body weight), 74% of TFM is in the subcutaneous layer compared with only 35% in infants with higher TFM (more than 100 g). Subscapular skinfold thickness is the best predictor of TFM (r = 0.78). Additional skinfold thickness measurements (triceps, biceps, supra-iliac and thigh) do not improve the predictability of TFM by the subscapular skinfold thickness. We conclude that measurement of subscapular skinfold thickness is an appropriate choice for estimating fat deposition in preterm infants, particularly in field studies and in developing countries.
H P Sheng; P B Muthappa; W W Wong; R J Schanler
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biology of the neonate     Volume:  64     ISSN:  0006-3126     ISO Abbreviation:  Biol. Neonate     Publication Date:  1993  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-03-10     Completed Date:  1994-03-10     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0247551     Medline TA:  Biol Neonate     Country:  SWITZERLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  279-86     Citation Subset:  IM    
USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Tex.
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MeSH Terms
Adipose Tissue / anatomy & histology*
Anthropometry / methods*
Evaluation Studies as Topic
Indicator Dilution Techniques
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature*
Oxygen Isotopes
Skinfold Thickness
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Oxygen Isotopes; 7732-18-5/Water

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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