Document Detail


Pitch-based streaming of vowel sequences, speech-in-speech segregation, and frequency selectivity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18530455     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Simultaneous and sequential segregation are described as the base mechanisms for auditory scene analysis and are likely to be involved in concurrent speech segregation. However, speech-in-noise perception has been found to be uncorrelated to simultaneous segregation, but related to pure-tone fusion threshold. This study aimed to clarify the relationship between pitch-based speech-in-speech segregation, pitch-based streaming and frequency selectivity. Twenty-five listeners with close to normal hearing were involved. Auditory filter widths were derived from a notched-noise method. Speech-in-speech perception was measured using words presented in a time reversed single talker background, with various pitch differences between target and masker. The streaming performance was measured using an objective order-naming task on vowel sequences. The results showed a correlation between frequency selectivity and performance in speech-in-speech perception suggesting that intelligibility relies on simultaneous masking. A correlation was also found between the effect of pitch on speech-in-speech perception and the effect of pitch on streaming performance. However, no correlation was found between streaming and frequency selectivity. These latter results suggest that pitch-based segregation probably relies on pitch discrimination which is only weakly correlated to frequency selectivity.
Authors:
Etienne Gaudrain; Nicolas Grimault; Eric W Healy; Jean-Christophe Béra
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America     Volume:  123     ISSN:  1520-8524     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Acoust. Soc. Am.     Publication Date:  2008 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-05     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503051     Medline TA:  J Acoust Soc Am     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3301     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Laboratoire Neurosciences Sensorielles, Comportement, Cognition, UMR 5020, Université Lyon 1 - CNRS, 50 av. Tony Garnier, 69366 Lyon Cedex 07, France, egaudrain@gmail.com.
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