Document Detail


Pilsicainide.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20205487     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Pilsicainide is a class Ic antiarrhythmic agent used for the treatment of supraventricular and ventricular tachycardia. The pharmacodynamic effects of pilsicainide are achieved via selective sodium channel blockade. In randomized, multicentre trials in patients with atrial fibrillation, restoration of sinus rhythm was achieved in significantly more patients treated with a single oral dose of pilsicainide than those who received placebo, and in a numerically higher proportion of oral pilsicainide than intravenous disopyramide recipients. In another well designed trial in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation, the proportion of patients whose arrhythmia converted to normal sinus rhythm was significantly higher among those randomized to receive 2 weeks of oral pilsicainide therapy than among patients who received placebo. Over a 1-year period, both pilsicainide and cibenzoline (another class Ic agent) were effective in preventing recurrence of atrial fibrillation in a substantial proportion of patients in a single-centre crossover trial. There were no between-group differences in the subgroup of patients with shorter-duration atrial fibrillation, but actuarial results over 1 year significantly favoured cibenzoline over pilsicainide in patients with longer-duration atrial fibrillation. Both oral and intravenous pilsicainide have demonstrated efficacy in ventricular tachyarrhythmias, including ventricular extrasystole. Clinical trial and postmarketing surveillance data indicate that pilsicainide is generally well tolerated in most patients.
Authors:
Greg L Plosker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Drugs     Volume:  70     ISSN:  0012-6667     ISO Abbreviation:  Drugs     Publication Date:  2010 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-08     Completed Date:  2010-07-19     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7600076     Medline TA:  Drugs     Country:  New Zealand    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  455-67     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Adis, Auckland, New Zealand. demail@adis.co.nz
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Anti-Arrhythmia Agents / administration & dosage,  adverse effects,  pharmacology,  therapeutic use
Humans
Lidocaine / administration & dosage,  adverse effects,  analogs & derivatives*,  pharmacology,  therapeutic use
Tachycardia / drug therapy*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Arrhythmia Agents; 137-58-6/Lidocaine; 88069-49-2/pilsicainide

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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