Document Detail


Pilot study testing the effect of physical training over the myocardial perfusion and quality of life in patients with primary microvascular angina.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25080872     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Primary microvascular angina (PMA) is a common clinical condition associated to negative impact on quality of life (QOL) and reduced physical capacity. This study aimed at evaluating the effects of aerobic physical training (APT) on myocardial perfusion, physical capacity, and QOL in patients with PMA.
METHODS: We investigated 12 patients (53.8 ± 9.7 years old; 7 women) with PMA, characterized by angina, angiographycally normal coronary arteries, and reversible perfusion defects (RPDs) detected on (99m)Tc-sestamibi-SPECT myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS). At baseline and after 4 month of APT, the patients underwent MPS, cardiopulmonary test, and QOL questionnaire. Stress-rest MPS images were visually analyzed by attributing semi-quantitative scores (0 = normal; 4 = absent uptake), using a 17-segment left ventricular model. Summed stress, rest, and difference scores (SDS) were calculated.
RESULTS: In comparison to the baseline, in the post-training we observed a significant increase in peak-VO2 (19.4 ± 4.8 and 22.1 ± 6.2 mL·kg(-1)·minute(-1), respectively, P = .01), reduction of SDS (10.1 ± 8.8 and 2.8 ± 4.9, P = .008), and improvement in QOL scores.
CONCLUSIONS: Physical training in patients with PMA is associated with reduction of myocardial perfusion abnormalities, increasing of physical capacity, and improvement in QOL. The findings of this hypothesis-generating study suggest that APT can be a valid therapeutic option for patients with PMA.
Authors:
Eduardo Elias Vieira de Carvalho; Giovani Luiz Santi; Júlio César Crescêncio; Luciano Fonseca Lemos de Oliveira; Daniela Caetano Costa Dos Reis; Alexandre Baldini Figueiredo; Antonio Osvaldo Pintya; Moyses Oliveira Lima-Filho; Lourenço Gallo-Júnior; José Antonio Marin-Neto; Marcus Vinícius Simões
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-8-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nuclear cardiology : official publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-6551     ISO Abbreviation:  J Nucl Cardiol     Publication Date:  2014 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-8-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9423534     Medline TA:  J Nucl Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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