Document Detail

Pilot study: fenofibrate for patients with primary biliary cirrhosis and an incomplete response to ursodeoxycholic acid.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21083674     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
BACKGROUND: Newer therapies are needed for patients with primary biliary cirrhosis and incomplete response to ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA). Fenofibrate is a fibric acid postulated to regulate immune response and cell proliferation.
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of fenofibrate in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis and incomplete response to UDCA.
METHODS: We undertook a pilot study involving 20 patients with primary biliary cirrhosis and serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) ≥ 2× ULN. Nonparametric statistical tests and Spearman correlation test were used as appropriate.
RESULTS: Twenty patients received fenofibrate (160 mg/day) in addition to UDCA for 48 weeks. Median serum ALP decreased significantly at 48 weeks compared with baseline values [351 (214-779) U/L at baseline vs. 177 (60-384) U/L at 48 weeks, P < 0.05]. A rebound in ALP occurred upon drug discontinuation. Serum aspartate aminotransferase and Immunoglobulin M also decreased significantly, while bilirubin and albumin remained unchanged. Median IL-1 decreased from 28.9 (2.7-10 000) to 11.3 (2.5-277.7) pg/mL (P = 0.049), and median IL-6 from 4.6 (3.2-5205) to 3.5 (3.2-73.4) pg/mL (P = 0.027). Heartburn was the most frequent adverse event, leading to discontinuation of two study subjects.
CONCLUSIONS: Combination therapy of fenofibrate and UDCA induced significant biochemical improvement in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis and incomplete response to UDCA. Further studies are warranted.
C Levy; J A Peter; D R Nelson; J Keach; J Petz; R Cabrera; V Clark; R J Firpi; G Morelli; C Soldevila-Pico; K Lindor
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-11-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics     Volume:  33     ISSN:  1365-2036     ISO Abbreviation:  Aliment. Pharmacol. Ther.     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8707234     Medline TA:  Aliment Pharmacol Ther     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  235-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Department of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA.
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