Document Detail


Pilot study of emotional freedom techniques, wholistic hybrid derived from eye movement desensitization and reprocessing and emotional freedom technique, and cognitive behavioral therapy for treatment of test anxiety in university students.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19913760     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: This study explored test anxiety benefits of wholistic hybrid derived from eye movement desensitization and reprocessing and Emotional Freedom Techniques (WHEE), Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFTs), and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). PARTICIPANTS: Canadian university students with severe or moderate test anxiety participated. METHODS: A controlled trial of WHEE (n = 5), EFT (n = 5), and CBT (n = 5) was conducted. Standardized anxiety measures included the Test Anxiety Inventory and Hopkins Symptom Checklist-21. RESULTS: Despite small sample size, significant reductions in test anxiety were found for all three treatments. In only two sessions, WHEE and EFT achieved the same benefits as CBT did in five sessions. Participants reported high satisfaction with all treatments. Emotional freedom techniques and WHEE participants successfully transferred their self-treatment skills to other stressful areas of their lives. CONCLUSIONS: Both WHEE and EFT show promise as feasible treatments for test anxiety.
Authors:
Daniel J Benor; Karen Ledger; Loren Toussaint; Geoffrey Hett; Daniel Zaccaro
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Explore (New York, N.Y.)     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1878-7541     ISO Abbreviation:  Explore (NY)     Publication Date:    2009 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-16     Completed Date:  2010-02-16     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101233160     Medline TA:  Explore (NY)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  338-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Association for Comprehensive Energy Psychology, Haverford, PA, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Anxiety / therapy*
Canada
Cognitive Therapy*
Educational Measurement*
Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing*
Female
Humans
Male
Mind-Body Therapies*
Patient Satisfaction
Pilot Projects
Relaxation Therapy
Self Care
Students
Universities

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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