Document Detail

A Pilot Study to Assess Benefit of Atrial Rhythm Control after Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy and Atrioventricular Node Ablation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25431023     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is frequently comorbid in patients receiving cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), and suppression is typically difficult. Herein, we sought to understand the benefit of atrial rhythm control in the setting of ventricular rate and regularity control induced by atrioventricular node (AVN) ablation.
METHODS: Fifty-two patients with heart failure, persistent AF, left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction <35%, and left bundle branch block underwent cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) + AVN ablation, and were randomized to one of the following groups: (1) Atrial Rhythm Control (ARC); (2) AF. Patients were subsequently followed for up to 1 year.
RESULTS: Similar numbers of patients in each group were lost to follow-up or have withdrawn (ARC two; AF three). Rhythm control in four patients in the ARC group was inadequate. Among the remaining patients, the incidence of death (ARC=1, AF=2) or left ventricular assist device +/- transplantation (ARC=2, AF=1) were similar. Among the remaining patients (ARC 16, AF 19), at 1 year, there were no significant differences in CRT response rate, Minnesota Living with Heart Failure survey score, 6-minute hall walk distance, ventricular tachyarrhythmia occurrence, or LV dimensions. A significantly higher hospital encounter rate among ARC patients was attributable to efforts to maintain uniform atrial rhythm.
CONCLUSIONS: In this pilot study, no incremental benefit for ARC was apparent. A larger study will be necessary to adequately examine these issues.
David Schwartzman; Debra Housel; Raveen Bazaz; Sandeep Jain; Samir Saba; John Gorcsan; Evan Adelstein
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-11-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1540-8159     ISO Abbreviation:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Publication Date:  2014 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-11-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-11-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803944     Medline TA:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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