Document Detail


Piezoelectric nanoribbons for monitoring cellular deformations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22796742     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Methods for probing mechanical responses of mammalian cells to electrical excitations can improve our understanding of cellular physiology and function. The electrical response of neuronal cells to applied voltages has been studied in detail, but less is known about their mechanical response to electrical excitations. Studies using atomic force microscopes (AFMs) have shown that mammalian cells exhibit voltage-induced mechanical deflections at nanometre scales, but AFM measurements can be invasive and difficult to multiplex. Here we show that mechanical deformations of neuronal cells in response to electrical excitations can be measured using piezoelectric PbZr(x)Ti(1-)(x)O(3) (PZT) nanoribbons, and we find that cells deflect by 1 nm when 120 mV is applied to the cell membrane. The measured cellular forces agree with a theoretical model in which depolarization caused by an applied voltage induces a change in membrane tension, which results in the cell altering its radius so that the pressure remains constant across the membrane. We also transfer arrays of PZT nanoribbons onto a silicone elastomer and measure mechanical deformations on a cow lung that mimics respiration. The PZT nanoribbons offer a minimally invasive and scalable platform for electromechanical biosensing.
Authors:
Thanh D Nguyen; Nikhil Deshmukh; John M Nagarah; Tal Kramer; Prashant K Purohit; Michael J Berry; Michael C McAlpine
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nature nanotechnology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1748-3395     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101283273     Medline TA:  Nat Nanotechnol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, USA.
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