Document Detail

Pial Arteriovenous Fistula as a Cause of Bilateral Thalamic Hyperintensities-an Unusual Case Report and Review of the Literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23128994     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Introduction Isolated bilateral thalamic congestion due to an arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a rare entity. Few case reports of dural arteriovenous fistula associated with it have been reported in the literature. The association of pial arteriovenous fistula (pial AVF) with thalamic hyperintensities has never been described before. The pial AVF is a recently recognized lesion in which the multiple pial arterial feeders drain into a single venous channel without a nidus like in conventional AVM. In spite of being congenital in origin, these lesions may have expression in adulthood due to abrupt change in the venous drainage system. Successful management of pial AVF associated with bilateral thalamic hyperintensities is described here with review of the literature.Case Presentation A 60-year-old man presented with rapidly progressive gait disturbance and cognitive decline. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed hyperintensities in the thalami on T2-weighted and fluid attenuated inversion recovery image. Digital subtraction angiography revealed a pial AVF near the splenium of corpus callosum. It had feeders from posterior choroidal arteries and drained into the vein of Galen through an abnormal mesencephalic vein. The stagnation and increase of pressure in the deep venous system led to congestion in the thalami. He was treated by partial transarterial embolization of the feeders followed by gamma knife therapy (GKT). The clinical symptoms and MRI improved rapidly after embolization and further reduction in shunt flow was observed after GKT.Conclusion Strong suspicion of vascular malformation as a cause of bilateral thalamic hyperintensities helps in early detection. Such lesions like pial AVF presented here require active intervention by surgery or endovascular therapy. GKT is an important adjuvant in lesions refractory to either of them.
Rahul Gupta; Shigeru Miyachi; Noriaki Matsubara; Takashi Izumi; Takehiro Naito; Ken-Ichi Haraguchi; Toshihiko Wakabayashi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neurological surgery. Part A, Central European neurosurgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  2193-6323     ISO Abbreviation:  J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101580767     Medline TA:  J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.
Department of Neurosurgery, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.
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