Document Detail


Physiology during smoltification in Atlantic salmon: effect of melatonin implants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23277099     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Melatonin implants were used to override natural melatonin rhythm in groups of juvenile Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, raised at simulated natural photoperiod (SNP) and constant light (LL) from mid-March until end of August. The experiment contained also both sham control (with non-melatonin implants) and control (no implants). No differences were found in the experimental variables between these two control groups. Growth and food intake were negatively affected by melatonin implantation. Overall, higher GH levels were observed in the SNP melatonin-implanted group, whereas no differences in GH levels were seen between the SNP control, LL control, or the LL melatonin-implanted groups. Highest food intake was seen in the LL control group. No differences in food intake were recorded between the LL melatonin-implanted and SNP control groups. Gill Na(+), K(+), ATPase (NKA) activity was influenced by time as well as the interaction between photoperiod and time. No differences in gill NKA activity or plasma chloride levels following transfer to seawater were seen between the groups with melatonin implants and their controls. Based on the present results, it seems apparent that melatonin does play a role in regulating food intake and growth in Atlantic salmon smolts.
Authors:
S O Handeland; A K Imsland; B Th Björnsson; S O Stefansson; M Porter
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  Fish physiology and biochemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-5168     ISO Abbreviation:  Fish Physiol. Biochem.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100955049     Medline TA:  Fish Physiol Biochem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Uni Environment, Uni Research AS, 5006, Bergen, Norway.
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