Document Detail


Physiological responses to rock climbing in young climbers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18037632     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Key questions regarding the training and physiological qualities required to produce an elite rock climber remain inadequately defined. Little research has been done on young climbers. The aim of this paper was to review literature on climbing alongside relevant literature characterising physiological adaptations in young athletes. Evidence-based recommendations were sought to inform the training of young climbers. Of 200 studies on climbing, 50 were selected as being appropriate to this review, and were interpreted alongside physiological studies highlighting specific common development growth variables in young climbers. Based on injury data, climbers younger than 16 years should not participate in international bouldering competitions and intensive finger strength training is not recommended. The majority of climbing foot injuries result from wearing too small or unnaturally shaped climbing shoes. Isometric and explosive strength improvements are strongly associated with the latter stages of sexual maturation and specific ontogenetic development, while improvement in motor abilities declines. Somatotyping that might identify common physical attributes in elite climbers of any age is incomplete. Accomplished adolescent climbers can now climb identical grades and compete against elite adult climbers aged up to and >40 years. High-intensity sports training requiring leanness in a youngster can result in altered and delayed pubertal and skeletal development, metabolic and neuroendocrine aberrations and trigger eating disorders. This should be sensitively and regularly monitored. Training should reflect efficacious exercises for a given sex and biological age.
Authors:
Audry Birute Morrison; Volker Rainer Schöffl
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of sports medicine     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1473-0480     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Sports Med     Publication Date:  2007 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-11-26     Completed Date:  2008-03-03     Revised Date:  2013-06-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0432520     Medline TA:  Br J Sports Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  852-61; discussion 861     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
audrym@gmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Physiological*
Adolescent
Adult
Child
Evidence-Based Medicine
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Mountaineering / physiology*
Physical Education and Training / methods*
Physical Endurance / physiology
Comments/Corrections
Erratum In:
Br J Sports Med. 2011 Feb;45(2):154
Br J Sports Med. 2011 Mar;45(3):184

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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