Document Detail

Physiological responses and perceived exertion during international Taekwondo competition.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20029099     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: To investigate the physiological responses and perceived exertion during international Taekwondo competition. METHODS: Eight male Taekwondo black belts (mean +/- SD, age 22 +/- 4 y, body mass 69.4 +/- 13.4 kg, height 1.82 +/- 0.10 m, competition experience 9 +/- 5 y) took part in an international-level Taekwondo competition. Each combat included three 2-min rounds with 30 s of recovery between each round. Heart rate (HR) was recorded at 5-s intervals during each combat. Capillary blood lactate samples were taken from the fingertip 1 min before competition, directly after each round and 1 min after competition. Competitors' rating of perceived exertion (RPE) was recorded for each round using Borg's 6-to-20 scale. RESULTS: HR (round 1: 175 +/- 15 to round 3: 187 +/- 8 beats x min(-1); P < .05), percentage of HR maximum (round 1: 89 +/- 8 to round 3: 96 +/- 5% HRmax; P < .05), blood lactate (round 1: 7.5 +/- 1.6 to round 3: 11.9 +/- 2.1 mmol x L(-1); P < .05) and RPE (round 1: 11 +/- 2 to round 3: 14 +/- 2; P < .05; mean +/- SD) increased significantly across rounds. CONCLUSIONS: International-level Taekwondo competition elicited near-maximal cardiovascular responses, high blood lactate concentrations, and increases in competitors' RPE across combat. Training should therefore include exercise bouts that sufficiently stimulate both aerobic and anaerobic metabolism.
Craig A Bridge; Michelle A Jones; Barry Drust
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of sports physiology and performance     Volume:  4     ISSN:  1555-0265     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Sports Physiol Perform     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-23     Completed Date:  2010-03-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101276430     Medline TA:  Int J Sports Physiol Perform     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  485-93     Citation Subset:  IM    
Sport and Exercise Research Group, Edge Hill University, Ormskirk, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Heart Rate / physiology
Lactic Acid / blood
Martial Arts / physiology*
Physical Exertion / physiology*
Young Adult
Reg. No./Substance:
50-21-5/Lactic Acid

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