Document Detail


Physiological responses of elderly recreational alpine skiers of different fitness and skiing abilities.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24149569     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We measured physiological responses of elderly recreational skiers of different fitness and skiing abilities. Six subjects (mean age: 61.2 ± 4.6 yrs; Wt: 76.8 ± 15.6 kg; Ht: 1.69 ± 0.10 m; BMI: 26.9 ± 5.0) were tested in a laboratory and during 30 and 75 min of recreational downhill skiing. Oxygen uptake (VO2), heart rate (HR), blood lactate (LA) concentration, and diastolic (DBP) and systolic (SBP) blood pressure were used to estimate energy demands while skiing. During maximal testing in a laboratory, subjects achieved a mean maximal VO2max of 28.2 ± 7.5 ml.kg(-1).min(-1) and a mean HRpeak of 165 ± 4 bpm (98 ± 1% of HRmax). Mean maximal workload measured on a cycle ergometer was 2.2 ± 0.7 W.kg(-1) with a mean LApeak of 7.4 ± 1 mmol.l(-1). During field testing, mean VO2 during skiing was 12 ± 2 ml.kg(-1).min(-1) (45 ± 16% of VO2max). Skiing VO2peak was 19 ± 5 ml. kg(-1).min(-1) (72 ± 23% of VO2max) was lower than VO2max in the lab (p = 0.04). Mean HR during skiing was 126 ± 2 bpm (77 ± 1% of HRmax from lab tests). Skiing HRpeak was 162 ± 2 bpm. This was not different from HRmax in the lab (p = 0.68). Mean LA after 30 and 75 min of skiing was not different (2.2 ± 0.8 mmol.l(-1) and 2.0 ± 0.8, respectively, p = 0.71). Both LA samples during skiing were lower than lab tests (p < 0.0001). There was no difference for DBP between field and laboratory tests; however, SBP increased after 30 min of skiing to 171 ± 20 (p < 0.009) and 165 ± 17 (p < 0.003) after 75 min. These remained below the mean peak SBP determined in lab tests (218+31). Mean oxygen demand during 30 and 75 min of recreational skiing is only 45% of VO2max while mean HR is 77% of HRmax. This departure from linearity not often seen in typical aerobic activities suggests that alpine skiing requires a combination of aerobic and anaerobic activity. Blood LA remained low during skiing suggesting that elderly skiers may govern their intensity via signals closer to VO2 and LA compared to HR or BP. Key pointsRecreational Alpine skiing for elderly population does not pose health risksBlood pressure and heart rate during recreational Alpine skiing is retain within normal limitsBlood lactate levels remain relatively low and do not contribute to fatigueOxygen uptake and blood lactate are better markers of intensity in elderly Alpine skier compared to heart rate and blood pressure.
Authors:
Sabine Krautgasser; Peter Scheiber; Serge P von Duvillard; Erich Müller
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-12-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of sports science & medicine     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1303-2968     ISO Abbreviation:  J Sports Sci Med     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-10-23     Completed Date:  2013-10-23     Revised Date:  2014-01-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101174629     Medline TA:  J Sports Sci Med     Country:  Turkey    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  748-53     Citation Subset:  -    
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