Document Detail


Physiological profile of handball players.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11533566     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the physiological profile of handball players compared to sprinters, endurance trained and untrained subjects. METHODS: Forty-six subjects aged between 19 and 28 years took part in this study: 10 were national handball players (NHB); 7 were international handball players (IHB), 11 were sprint trained subjects (ST); 8 were endurance trained subjects (ET); and 10 were untrained subjects (UT). They performed an incremental treadmill test to determine the maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), and a Wingate anaerobic test (WanT) to determine maximal power (Wmax). Plasma lactate (La) concentration was measured 5 minutes after the end of the Wingate-test. RESULTS: The VO2max of NHB was similar to that of the IHB and ST athletes but higher than that of the untrained and lower than the endurance trained athletes. Values for Wmax were similar in the IHB and NHB groups and very close to the sprinters. When normalized for body mass or to lean body mass, Wmax was greater in handball players when compared to untrained or endurance trained subjects. Lactate values were in the same range in the NHB, IHB and ST groups and were statistically higher in the NHB and IHB groups than in the UT or ET groups. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that the anaerobic metabolism seems to be important for the handball players similarly to sprinters. Since handball is known as a sport with typically short exercise periods of high intensity alternating with rests, anaerobic metabolism appears then to be higbly relevant to performance.
Authors:
F Rannou; J Prioux; H Zouhal; A Gratas-Delamarche; P Delamarche
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness     Volume:  41     ISSN:  0022-4707     ISO Abbreviation:  J Sports Med Phys Fitness     Publication Date:  2001 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-09-04     Completed Date:  2002-01-29     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376337     Medline TA:  J Sports Med Phys Fitness     Country:  Italy    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  349-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Laboratoire de Physiologie et de Biomécanique de l'Exercice Musculaire, UFR-APS, Université de Rennes 2, Rennes, France.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Anaerobic Threshold
Humans
Lactates / blood
Male
Oxygen Consumption / physiology*
Physical Endurance*
Physical Fitness
Running / physiology*
Sports / physiology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Lactates

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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