Document Detail

Physiological pharmacokinetics and cancer risk assessment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8481888     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
There has been considerable progress in recent years in developing physiological models for the pharmacokinetics of toxic chemicals and in the application of these models in cancer risk assessment. Physiological pharmacokinetic models consist of a number of individual compartments, based on the anatomy and physiology of the mammalian organism of interest, and include specific parameters for metabolism, tissue binding, and tissue reactivity. Because of the correspondence between these compartments and specific tissues or groups of tissues, these models are particularly useful for predicting the doses of biologically active forms of toxic chemicals at target tissues under a wide variety of exposure conditions and in different animal species, including humans. Due to their explicit characterization of the biological processes governing pharmacokinetic behaviour, these models permit more accurate predictions of the dose of active metabolites reaching target tissues in exposed humans and hence of potential cancer risk. In addition, physiological models also permit a more direct evaluation of the impact of parameter uncertainty and inter-individual variability in cancer risk assessment. In this article, we review recent developments in physiologic pharmacokinetic modeling for selected chemicals and the application of these models in carcinogenic risk assessment. We examine the use of these models in integrating diverse information on pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics and discuss challenges in extending these pharmacokinetic models to reflect more accurately the biological events involved in the induction of cancer by different chemicals.
M E Andersen; D Krewski; J R Withey
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cancer letters     Volume:  69     ISSN:  0304-3835     ISO Abbreviation:  Cancer Lett.     Publication Date:  1993 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-06-03     Completed Date:  1993-06-03     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7600053     Medline TA:  Cancer Lett     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-14     Citation Subset:  IM    
Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710.
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MeSH Terms
Carcinogens / pharmacokinetics
Models, Biological*
Neoplasms / chemically induced*
Tissue Distribution
Reg. No./Substance:

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