Document Detail

Physiological parameters during the initial stages of cardiopulmonary exercise testing in patients with chronic heart failure. Their value in the assessment of clinical severity and prognosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9447320     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIMS: To analyse the relationship between initial exercise parameters and peak oxygen consumption and prognosis in 96 patients with congestive heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: Comparison of responses during the initial 6 min of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (Naughton modified protocol) in patients stratified to the Weber classification, and analysis of their predictive value with respect to peak oxygen uptake and prognosis. All patients had a left ventricular ejection fraction < 0.45 and a valid cardiopulmonary exercise test, during which they remained in sinus rhythm. Significant differences in several parameters were seen in the initial stages, including oxygen pulse (P < 0.04) and ventilation equivalent for oxygen (P < 0.004). These parameters remained as independent predictors of peak oxygen uptake in the algorithm derived from baseline and initial stage variables. In a multivariate Cox proportional hazards model, the predicted peak oxygen uptake (P < 0.003) was an independent predictor of mortality. CONCLUSION: In patients with congestive heart failure, the initial 6 min parameters of a cardiopulmonary exercise test have additional value in the assessment of clinical severity and prognosis. This may be of clinical relevance since a limited incremental exercise protocol may be more objective than more traditional 6 min walking tests and less demanding.
R J de Vries; D J van Veldhuisen; P H Dunselman; N van der Veer; H J Crijns
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European heart journal     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0195-668X     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. Heart J.     Publication Date:  1997 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-03-18     Completed Date:  1998-03-18     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006263     Medline TA:  Eur Heart J     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1921-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Groningen, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Exercise Test*
Heart Failure / mortality,  physiopathology*
Heart Rate
Middle Aged
Oxygen Consumption
Regression Analysis
Survival Analysis

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