Document Detail

Physiological impact of CTO recanalization assessed by coronary pressure measurement-A case report.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23359324     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
In this case report, physiological changes of myocardial perfusion in the collateral recipient right coronary artery (RCA) and the collateral donor left anterior descending artery (LAD) with an intermediate lesion were assessed using intracoronary pressure measurement, before and after revascularization of chronic total occlusion (CTO). A 44 year old male was referred for a catheter examination due to silent myocardial ischemia. An invasive coronary angiogram revealed diffuse narrowing of the RCA with focal occlusive segments in addition to intermediate stenosis in the LAD. A well developed collateral channel from the LAD to the RCA was also confirmed. Fractional flow reserve (FFRmyo) of the LAD before opening the RCA was 0.81. After successful revascularization of the RCA, FFRmyo of the LAD and the RCA were measured with and without an RCA balloon occlusion. Because collateral fractional flow reserve (FFRcoll) of the RCA could be regarded as FFRmyo before revascularization, FFRmyo of the RCA increased from 0.67 to 0.90, meaning a 23% increase of maximum flow by intervention. Interestingly, improvement of FFRmyo of the LAD from 0.81 to 0.93 was also observed, which means a 12% increase of maximum flow. Coronary steal in the LAD was reconfirmed by dramatic worsening of FFRmyo from 0.93 to 0.77 by an RCA balloon occlusion. This phenomenon may be explained by an immediate recruitment of collateral channels. This case clearly demonstrated CTO opening improves perfusion in not only myocardium supplied by the CTO vessel, but also in that which is supplied by a contra-lateral collateral donor artery. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Hitoshi Matsuo; Yoshiaki Kawase
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Catheterization and cardiovascular interventions : official journal of the Society for Cardiac Angiography & Interventions     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1522-726X     ISO Abbreviation:  Catheter Cardiovasc Interv     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100884139     Medline TA:  Catheter Cardiovasc Interv     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
The Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Gifu Heart Center, Gifu, Japan.
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