Document Detail


Physiological fluctuations in nasal resistance may interfere with nasal monitoring in the nasal provocation test.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9288219     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The physiological fluctuations in nasal flow and resistance in allergic subjects were studied by monitoring 12 subjects with perennial occupational allergic rhinitis with active anterior rhinomanometry (AAR) for 3 h at 15 min intervals. The subjects were then challenged bilaterally with the diluent solution for allergen extracts and the effect was monitored with AAR. In AAR. cellular rubber nose adapters were used. Many physiological fluctuations in nasal patency were observed. Reference intervals were calculated for the changes in flow and resistance at the gradient pressure of 150 pa. For example, a 100% increase in unilateral resistance was found to be significant at the risk level of 5-10% for the observation time of 30-60 min. The corresponding increase for bilateral resistance was close to 70%. Challenge with diluent solution had a negliglible effect on the resistance fluctuation, the reference intervals being close to those for baseline monitoring. In conclusion, rapid changes in nasal flow and resistance in allergic subjects were common, and caution is necessary when interpreting these changes as a positive nasal reaction in the nasal provocation test. In addition, the use of other objective parameters, such as the amount of nasal secretion is recommended.
Authors:
T Pirilä; A Talvisara; O P Alho; H Oja
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta oto-laryngologica     Volume:  117     ISSN:  0001-6489     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Otolaryngol.     Publication Date:  1997 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-12-09     Completed Date:  1997-12-09     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370354     Medline TA:  Acta Otolaryngol     Country:  NORWAY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  596-600     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Otolaryngology, University of Oulu, Finland.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Nasal Cavity / physiology*
Nasal Provocation Tests*
Occupational Diseases / diagnosis
Pulmonary Ventilation / physiology*
Rhinitis / diagnosis
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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