Document Detail

Physiological determinants of three-kilometer running performance in experienced triathletes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16506865     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The present investigation examined the physiological parameters that contribute to 3-km running performance. Following 2 familiarization sessions, 16 experienced male triathletes (Vo(2)max = 55.7 +/- 4.9, age = 31.3 +/- 11.7 years) performed a 3-km time trial (3kmTT) and were assessed for selected physiological and anthropometrical characteristics. Stepwise multiple regression and correlation analysis was used to determine the variables that significantly related to 3kmTT. The analysis revealed that 82.3% of the adjusted variance in 3kmTT performance could be explained by peak treadmill running velocity during a Vo(2)max test (Vmax) alone. The addition of the running velocity at lactate threshold (LT(vel)) and peak lactate concentration ([BLa(-)](peak)) to the prediction equation allowed for 93.6% of the adjusted variance in 3kmTT to be predicted (Y = -13.64 Vmax - 25.61 LT(vel) - 5.40 [BLa(-)](peak) + 1358.5). Correlation analysis revealed that Vmax (r = -0.91), LT(vel) (r = -0.90), and Vo(2)max (r = -0.80) were significantly related to running performance. These results show that Vmax was the single best predictor of 3-km running performance in experienced male triathletes and that both aerobic and anaerobic abilities are related to improved 3kmTT performance. Since the assessment of Vmax is relatively simple to implement, we suggest that determining Vmax may be a practical method for monitoring performance changes in short-term endurance running events.
Katie M Slattery; Lee K Wallace; Aron J Murphy; Aaron J Coutts
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1064-8011     ISO Abbreviation:  J Strength Cond Res     Publication Date:  2006 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-03-01     Completed Date:  2006-07-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9415084     Medline TA:  J Strength Cond Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  47-52     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Human Performance Laboratory, School of Leisure, Sport, and Tourism, University of Technology, Sydney, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Lactic Acid / blood
Oxygen Consumption / physiology
Physical Endurance / physiology
Physical Fitness / physiology*
Regression Analysis
Running / physiology*
Reg. No./Substance:
50-21-5/Lactic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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