Document Detail

Physiologic responses to skin-to-skin contact in hospitalized premature infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2037883     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Twelve stable premature infants in open-air cribs acted as their own controls in a study designed to evaluate the effect of skin-to-skin contact (SSC) with their mothers on infant heart rate, respiratory rate, oxygen saturation, and skin temperature. Measurements were taken every minute during three consecutive interfeeding periods (2 to 3 hours each): pre-SSC, SSC, and post-SSC. Skin-to-skin contact in the upright position between maternal breasts underneath a velour blouse occurred in the continuing care nursery of secondary level NICUs and was compared with infants lying in open-air cribs. All physiologic measures remained within normal limits, suggesting that SSC had no adverse effects. Statistically significant increases in heart rate and skin and rectal temperatures during SSC were also within normal limits. Skin-to-skin contact can occur between hospitalized stable premature infants and their mothers without physiologic compromise and heat loss to the infant. Practice implications are discussed.
S M Ludington-Hoe; A J Hadeed; G C Anderson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association     Volume:  11     ISSN:  0743-8346     ISO Abbreviation:  J Perinatol     Publication Date:  1991 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-06-28     Completed Date:  1991-06-28     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8501884     Medline TA:  J Perinatol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  19-24     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of California, School of Nursing, Los Angeles 90024-1702.
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MeSH Terms
Heart Rate
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature / physiology*
Intensive Care, Neonatal / methods*
Oxygen / analysis
Physical Stimulation
Skin Physiological Phenomena
Skin Temperature
Reg. No./Substance:

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