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Physicochemical characterization of Ayurvedic bhasma (Swarna makshika bhasma): An approach to standardization.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20814520     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Swarna makshika [SM], a mineral having various therapeutic uses, has been used since long in Ayurveda. The present study was conducted to generate a fingerprint for raw and processed SM using techniques which can be used by pharmacies. Powdered SM was heated in an iron pan by adding lemon juice for 3 days, till liberation of sulfur fumes stopped. Bhasma of this shuddha SM was obtained by triturating it withit with shuddha gandhaka and lemon juice. It was then subjected to heat in 09* putas, and for firing in each puta, 4 kg cow dung cakes were used. To assure the quality of bhasma, rasa shastra quality control tests like nischandratva, varitara, amla pariksha, etc., were used. After the bhasma complied with these tests, the bhasma was analyzed using X-ray Diffraction (XRD) analysis of raw SM and SM bhasma revealed that raw SM contains CuFeS(2), and SM bhasma contains Fe(2)O(3), FeS(2), CuS and SiO(2). Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) studies showed that the grains in SM bhasma were uniformly arranged in agglomerates of size 1-2 microns as compared to the raw SM which showed a scattered arrangement of grains of size 6-8 microns. It may be concluded that raw SM is a complex compound which gets converted into a mixture of simple compounds having very small particle size after the particular process of marana. This is the first report of fingerprinting of SM bhasma prepared using this particular method.
Authors:
Sudhaldev Mohaptra; C B Jha
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of Ayurveda research     Volume:  1     ISSN:  0974-925X     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Ayurveda Res     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-03     Completed Date:  2013-04-12     Revised Date:  2013-05-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101527491     Medline TA:  Int J Ayurveda Res     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  82-6     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Rasa Shastra, Faculty of Ayurveda, Institution of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, India.
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